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A Chart of New South Wales or the east coast of New Holland, 1773-1779

James COOK, 1728–1779

Prepared by John Hawkesworth in 1773 for an official account of the voyage, this is the first full-scale map of Australia’s east coast based on the charts drawn by Cook during the Endeavour's survey of the entire length of coastline in 1770. The map is oriented with west at the top. Many of the place names given by Cook remain unchanged. Together with the Dutch discoveries, this chart more or less completed the mapping of the coastline and represents one of the most substantial single cartographic achievements in Australia’s history.