The risk of flood is a very real part of the Australian landscape. In the past 35 years, all states and territories in Australia have experienced a notable flood that has endangered lives and property.
Here are some tips that can help you be better prepared for any flooding that occurs in and around your home.
Emergency contacts and staying connected
Keep a list of emergency phone numbers and save them to your mobile phone. Some numbers you might need are your local emergency services office, police, ambulance, hospitals as well as other essential services like your gas, electricity, and telecommunications provider.
It’s important to stay informed of any developments in your area. Service providers and alert services could include:
- The website for the Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) which provides forecasts and warnings;
- Your local radio station for weather and situation updates;
- Your local council's relocation routes and centres. The council may also provide assistance for flood prevention strategies such as access to sandbags.
Provisions and emergency kit
Floods sometimes impact essential services and infrastructure which can result in delayed response times for assistance. To help prepare gather the following items and put them in an easily accessible place:
- First aid supplies and any special medications
- Non-perishable food and water for your family and pets
- Blankets and dry clothing
- A torch
- A battery operated portable radio to listen for warnings and updates.
- Spare batteries for the torch and radio
- Heavy duty gloves for moving debris.
- Identification documents for each family member.
Be prepared to leave
- Check with your local council about relocation routes and centres so that you know where to go should you need to evacuate your home.
- Take your emergency kit and contacts lists.
- If possible, let someone know where you are heading.
Make sure you have the right insurance coverage
Not having adequate insurance means that in times of disaster you may be left without assistance from your insurance company. With the Bureau of Meteorology reporting an increased frequency of major flood events, knowing your policy covers flood as standard can provide real peace of mind. CommInsure Home Insurance, for example, offers flood as standard cover.
Plan a course of action
Depending on the strength of the flood and the amount of warning time, you may be able to take some actions to try minimise damage. Remember, your safety is paramount and it’s important not to compromise this at any time. Think about how long it would take you to do these things and what you would want to prioritise should you have very little time.
Turn off your electricity, gas and water
Remove all fuses from your meter board fuse box and put them above the anticipated flood level. If you have a circuit breaker panel board, turn each circuit breaker into the ‘off’ position.
Close the main gas valve and disconnect any gas cylinders or bottles and move them above the expected flood level.
Turn off the main water valve, which is usually found at the water meter located where the water supply enters your property.
Move furniture and valuables to a high place
If possible, move your furniture, personal and electrical items to higher ground. You should take care to ensure that your drains will be clear of rubbish, such as cardboard and newspapers, which can disintegrate and cause blockages.
Secure any hazardous items
Some items, like stacked firewood, can cause damage if they’re picked up by flood waters so you should tie them down. Leave fridge and freezer doors open, so they don’t float or tip over.
Lids for outdoor bins should be tied or weighted down. You should also relocate any hazardous materials that might react with water or contaminate floodwaters. Store them in waterproof containers at the highest point of your home.
You can prevent a back flow of sewerage by placing a strong bag filled with sand or earth in toilet bowls and over shower and bath drains.