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How super may help you manage your tax

How super may help you manage your tax

One of the great things about superannuation is that you generally pay less tax, both on the money that goes in, and on the earnings your money makes.

There’s a number of contributions you might be able to consider, depending on your personal circumstances, and they might also help you to manage your tax.

You’ll generally pay just 15% on superannuation contributions made from your pre-tax salary, including employer Super Guarantee and salary sacrifice contributions.

Earnings you make on your money within super are taxed at a maximum of 15%, or if you’re receiving a pension through your super, tax-free – the same investment earnings outside super may be taxed at your marginal tax rate.

Don’t get caught above the cap

When you make contributions into your super, make sure you don’t go above the annual caps.

Once you exceed these caps, the tax advantages with super fall away and your contributions will be taxed at the highest marginal tax rate, plus the Medicare levy, plus any other applicable levies.

You can find out more information at the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) website.

Seek guidance

Tax can be complex, so you should consider discussing your personal situation with your accountant or a taxation adviser.

If you’re a higher income earner, boosting your super might possibly help you reduce your marginal tax rate.

If you’re taking a career break or earning a lower wage, it could be worth investigating opportunities to help you to contribute to your super.

Here are some contributions to consider that could help you to manage your tax:

1. Salary sacrifice

You can ask your employer to redirect some of your salary into your super. This salary sacrifice is in addition to your Superannuation Guarantee minimum percentage payments that your employer is obliged by law to contribute.

What’s the tax concession?

Your salary is sacrificed straight into your super, so it’s taken from your gross (before-tax) pay. This means it’ll be taxed at 15%, unless you’ve exceeded the concessional super contributions cap.

From 1 July 2017, if you earn more than $250,000 a year you may be subject to an additional 15% tax. 

There is a limit on how much you can contribute to superannuation and the most up-to-date information can be found on the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) website.

Unlike the employee superannuation guarantee, salary sacrificing isn’t something employers are obliged to offer. You would need to speak with your employer to check if it is an option available to you.

2. Government co-contribution

How much you earn and contribute to your super determines whether you’re entitled receive a government co-contribution, and if so how much. The maximum co-contribution is $500 each year you are eligible.

What’s the tax concession?

A Government co-contribution isn’t included as part of your taxable income, so you don’t pay any tax on it when it’s paid into your super.

3. Personal super contributions

You can boost your super by adding your own contributions to your super fund or into your spouse’s super fund.

Personal super contributions are the amounts you contribute to your super fund from your after-tax income (that is, from your take-home pay).

These contributions:

  • are in addition to any compulsory super contributions your employer makes on your behalf
  • do not include super contributions made through a salary-sacrifice arrangement

Personal contributions are non-concessional (after-tax) contributions and will count towards your non-concessional contributions cap unless you have claimed a tax deduction for them.

If you claim a tax deduction for them, they become part of your concessional contributions. Effective 1 July 2017, the concessional contributions cap is $25,000 for everyone. 

If, for example, your employer pays Super Guarantee of $10,000, and you don’t salary sacrifice, you could potentially make a personal after-tax contribution of up to $15,000 and may be able to claim a tax deduction for that amount. You must be sure not to go over the contributions cap.

If you’re an employee you generally can’t claim a tax deduction for any personal super contributions made before 1 July 2017, although you may be eligible for a super co-contribution.

From 1 July 2017, most people, regardless of their employment arrangement, are able to claim a full tax deduction for any personal super contributions they make to their super until they turn 75. Individuals who are aged between 65 and 75 will need to meet the work test to be eligible to contribute to super and claim the deduction.

To claim a tax deduction for personal contributions, you must complete and lodge a notice of intent with your super fund and have this notice acknowledged (in writing) by your fund. See the ATO website for further eligibility rules for claiming a tax deduction for personal super contributions.

If you claim a deduction for your personal contributions, you are not eligible for a super co-contribution.

Adding to super if you’re not working

If you’re under 65, you can make personal after-tax contributions to your super fund if you’re not working.

If you’re 65 years of age or over, you can only make personal after-tax super contributions if you:

  • aren’t yet 75 years of age or older and
  • have been employed for at least 40 hours over 30 consecutive days during the financial year

Alternatively you may be eligible for the work test exemption for recent retirees for contributions made after 1 July 2019 or you may be eligible to make a downsizer contribution.

What’s the tax concession?

Claiming your contributions as a tax deduction may reduce your taxable income and consequently, the total amount of any tax you pay.

4. Spouse contributions

The ATO defines spouse as another person (of any sex) who:

  • you were in a relationship with that was registered under a state or territory law; or
  • although not legally married to you, lived with you on a genuine domestic basis in a relationship as a couple

What’s the tax concession?

If you’re in a relationship and made contributions under the threshold to your spouse’s super fund or retirement savings account (RSA) during the financial year, you may be entitled to a tax offset where the receiving spouse is under the age of 70 at the time the contribution is made. The maximum spouse contribution tax offset is $540.

5. Super contribution splitting

Some super funds allow you to transfer some of your before-tax contributions (employer or personal contributions), usually from the previous financial year, to your partner’s super account.

What’s the tax concession?

You can split the lesser of:

  • 85% of your before-tax contributions or
  • the concessional contributions cap for that financial year with your spouse.
  • 85% of the concessional contributions for that financial year; and
  • Each contribution is taxed at 15%.

This can be a way to top-up your partner’s super so they don’t fall behind.

This counts towards your contribution limit, not your spouse’s. If you’re making other contributions, for example salary sacrifice, make sure you don’t unintentionally exceed your concessional contributions cap.

This article contains general advice only. It does not take account of your individual objectives, financial situation or needs. You should consider talking to a financial planner before making any financial decision based on this information. This document has been prepared by Commonwealth Financial Planning Limited ABN 65 003 900 169, AFSL 231139, (Commonwealth Financial Planning) a wholly-owned, but non-guaranteed subsidiary of the Commonwealth Bank of Australia ABN 48 123 123 124. Commonwealth Financial Planners are representatives of Commonwealth Financial Planning. Information in this article is based on current regulatory requirements and laws. While care has been taken in the preparation of this document, no liability is accepted by Commonwealth Financial Planning, Commonwealth Financial Planning related entities, agents and employees for any loss arising from reliance on this document. Taxation considerations are general and based on present taxation laws. You should seek independent, professional tax advice before making any decision based on this information. Commonwealth Bank is not a registered tax (financial) adviser under the Tax Agent Services Act 2009 and you should seek tax advice from a registered tax agent or a registered tax (financial) adviser if you intend to rely on this information to satisfy the liabilities or obligations or claim entitlements that arise, or could arise, under a taxation law. Before you make a decision about your combining your super if you multiple accounts, you should compare the costs, fees, risks and benefits of each super fund. It makes sense to consider whether you can replace any insurance cover you may lose when you bring your accounts together, as well as any costs for withdrawing from other super funds and any investment or tax implications.